Here are the literal requirements for running for city council in Orem, Utah:
1. A candidate must be a United States citizen.
[Note: United States is not defined in the statute, therefore, common usage is the standing definition of the term]
2. A candidate must be at least 18 years old and a registered voter of the municipality.
3. A candidate must have resided in the city of Orem or recently annexed area for 12
consecutive months immediately preceding the election.
4. Any mentally incompetent person, any person convicted of a felony, or any person convicted of treason or a crime against the elective franchise may not hold office in this state until the right to vote or hold elective office is restored as provided by statute.
They even provide sample paperwork for people at this link: