100 Years of War since the War that Was to End All War; A Lesson on War and Entangling Alliances

One hundred years ago on July 28 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. One month earlier, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on a public trip to Serbia. This would obviously lead to heightened tension in the region, and following a series of diplomatic failures, such as the July Ultimatum, […]

The Myth of a Hierarchy of Importance between Rights and Duties

Recently, there has been a trend among many to emphasize merely one side of the symbolic “coin” of human freedom – namely rights and/or duties. Yet, hopefully the readers of this blog will have realized that this is not a case of “milk before meat” – but of, at best, confusion – and in the […]

La Quatorze Juillet

On this day, La Quatorze Juillet, or Bastille Day as it is referred to in English-speaking countries, 225 years ago, marked the historic storming of the Parisian fortress-prison within which were guns and ammunition, in addition to several political prisoners. This fortress-prison, or the Bastille, was a symbol of the power of the French monarchy, […]

The “Freedom” Festival

Like so many of you, I received a magazine in the mail advertising for the so-called Freedom Festival – a yearly festival every July 4th, the patriotism surrounding which is supposed to commemorate Independence Day and the birthday of the 13 American States. Yet, as should be surprising, there was not one mention of the […]

Perhaps the Original Rough Draft, or copy, of the Declaration of Independence

Below is the text of the John Adams rough draft of the Declaration of Independence. Although the original authorship perhaps was not from Adams himself – the Adams rough draft provides some insight into the true intended meaning of the document Americans still claim to celebrate on this day. It is worth a read. ——————– […]